On this day in Arkansas history, Franklin County was established.
The county was named for Benjamin Franklin.
According to the Encyclopedia of Arkansas people have lived in the area since the Ice Age.
Paleoindians lived in the area around 12,000 B.C., then the Osage created villages along what is now the Missouri and Oklahoma border.
In 1819 the Cherokee controlled the county but they allowed European settlers to live in the area because they need the settlers’ blacksmithing skills.
In 1828 the Cherokee were moved to the Indian Territory.
Ten years later, Ozark was named the county seat and Charleston was named a second county seat in 1901 because it was hard to cross the Arkansas River.
Coal mining was an important industry for the county when it was first established.
More towns started establishing after the railroad came to the county in 1875.
Swiss and German farmers created wineries in Altus because the climate and terrain were perfect for grape growing. Prohibition caused many of the wineries to close. But the area is thriving today and a destination spot in Arkansas.